National Election 2017 – Post-election Analysis

Adam I, Editor

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – It’s the day after Prince Jake’s surprise victory in the National Election and we’re now going to break down the results subdivision by subdivision, to find out what the Liberals did right and what the other parties got wrong.

DHB7YXaXkAA4vNs.jpg large
Polling station in Imperial City, Tytannia.

With only two votes between the Liberals and the Moderates, we can all agree that the result could easily have been very different. There were two key factors which pushed the results in Prince Jake’s favour. The first was the seemingly arbitrary decision by the ANP to endorse him, giving him a couple more votes than we were expecting him to get. However, Emperor Mother Jayne could still have tied him, or even won herself, if it hadn’t been for lower turnout in areas which should have supported her. Midgard, for example, had 0% turnout and its sole resident is a former Borealian – people who historically backed the Moderates. Why these two or three missing Moderate supporters didn’t vote remains a mystery, but it is clear that they cost the Emperor Mother the election.

One of the more dramatic stories of the election is the huge collapse in support for Labour’s then-incumbent Prime Minister, Sir Paul McKenna, who went from 52.2% last year to just 16.7% this year. We knew that the introduction of a third candidate would split the vote shares of both the Moderates and Labour, and we also suspected that Labour would be the worst hit, but the swing from Labour to Liberal was much more significant than any of us were expecting. For the most part, the Moderates held steady; though they lost votes in Myway and Maternia, these were partially offset by gains in places like Primoria. Their support base in Watertopia, Dearneland and the non-territorial citizens remains mostly intact. Labour were decimated in areas which turned out for them last year; from winning all four of Primoria’s votes in 2016, this year they won just one. Watertopia, Kappania and the non-territorial citizens also abandoned Labour in large numbers, and it was mainly at the benefit of the Liberals.

What does this tell us? It seems that the electorate has become polarised between the more traditional Moderates and the radical Liberals. Whilst both parties are economically centrist, they both have very different values – the Moderates have a family-driven agenda, whereas the Liberals are concerned with individual freedoms as well as being far more imperialist than the other parties. Labour did little to set themselves apart from these two sides; policy-wise they could almost be described as “Moderate-lite”. We would argue that Labour have some serious work to do distinguishing themselves from the other two parties if they want to win again.

Liberal support in Primoria was towards the lower bound of what we were expecting; had they tried harder they could probably have won more than just two votes there. In the end, there was quite a spread of support, though with the Liberals on top as anticipated.

Maternia was most notably lacking in support for McKenna. Mathematically, we can infer that McKenna did not vote for himeself, a curious decision. Was he deliberately trying to not win the election?

The results in Tytannia, Watertopia, Myway and Dearneland were pretty much exactly as we predicted. El Grandens and Kappania – the ANP heartlands – raised eyebrows by choosing to support Prince Jake, the candidate for their old enemies the Liberal Party. If history is to be believed, the ANP may now expect something in return for their support, and will likely become angry if the government does not deliver. However, the Liberals – Adammia’s most progressive party – will probably be reluctant to be seen as relying on the “alt-right” ANP for support. There is no known deal of any sort between the two parties, and the Liberals will not be under any obligation to appease the ANP, though this could easily backfire at the next election if the ANP switch sides.

We were surprised that Midgard had 0 turnout and, as mentioned earlier, this seems to have harmed the Moderates. We hesitantly suggested that Pererria might vote Liberal and this was indeed the case.

That just leaves the non-territorial citizens. Although four of them voted for McKenna last year, this year he got nothing from them, and they account for a large part of his drop in votes. This demographic has in fact shrunk over the past year and their turnout was down, so they’re not as important in deciding the result as they have been in the past. The Moderates did well here – better, in fact, than last year – whilst the Liberals picked up another single vote.

Now the question is where do we go from here? The biggest issue that the Liberals had with their campaign was the obvious inexperience of Prince Jake. If his party gives him some proper media training, he may be able to deliver a more professional campaign next time round with the aim of solidifying the Liberal Party’s weak hold on power. If the Moderates want to overtake their rivals and once again return to the top, they will have to go on the offensive and become more critical of the new government. They’ll have to make some noise and inspire their supporters to turn out for the next election where they didn’t this time, as well as hopefully recruit some new supporters. Labour, meanwhile, have a lot of work cut out for them; as we already said, they need to distinguish themselves from the other two parties and forge a new identity in order to stay relevant. Adammia’s demographics are constantly in a state of flux as new territories come and go, and this will provide parties both new and old with opportunities to find new supporters. It is expected that over the coming year, the Empire will significantly expand its operations in the student community of the University of Birmingham. The political parties of Adammia face the challenge of balancing these newcomers and their traditional supporters in the old provinces.

Prince Jake Elected Adammia’s 3rd Prime Minister

Adam I, Editor

Prince Jake

Prince Jake pictured in Tytannia in 2015.

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Shortly after midnight, the Office of State announced the final results of the 2017 National Election. It has been confirmed that Prince Jake of the Liberal Party has been elected as Prime Minister of the Empire of Adammia, with 11 votes or 45.8% vote share. Behind him were the Moderate Party’s Emperor Mother Jayne with 9 votes (37.5%) and Labour’s Sir Paul McKenna with 4 votes (16.7%). Prince Jake becomes Adammia’s third Prime Minister and the first ever Liberal Party Prime Minister. Incumbent PM McKenna saw a massive collapse in his vote, whilst the former Moderate PM Emperor Mother Jayne held steady and came close to regaining her old office. 24 out of 29 electors cast their votes, giving a reduced turnout of 82.76%.

Prince Jake is expected to appoint his Cabinet within a week, before the State Opening of Council. Detailed analysis of the election result, looking at each subdivision in turn, will follow shortly.

National Election 2017 – Live Updates

Adam I, Editor

12/08/2017 12:20

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Polling day is finally here. Very soon, ballots will be sent out to voters from all corners of the Empire. As the result for each province, colony and territory comes in, we will update this live feed. Stay tuned for results and hour-by-hour analysis as the new election map unfolds before us.

12/08/2017 15:38

(Something to set the mood…)

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Over the past three hours, we’ve had seven sub-divisions declaring their results, representing around a third of the electorate. The big story so far is that Prince Jake has exceeded expectations and is currently leading the pack. Here is what we have so far:

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 1
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 1
Prince Jake (LIB): 2

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 1
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 0
Prince Jake (LIB): 0

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 0
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 0
Prince Jake (LIB): 1

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 1
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 0
Prince Jake (LIB): 1

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 0
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 1
Prince Jake (LIB): 0

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 0
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 0
Prince Jake (LIB): 1

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 0
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 0
Prince Jake (LIB): 1

Currently, Prince Jake is on 6 votes, the Emperor Mother is on 3 votes, and McKenna is on 2. The surprise decision by the ANP to back Prince Jake has given the Liberals an unexpected boost and this could be what they need to get ahead of the Moderate favourite. The province of Primoria is expected to be the next to declare, probably within the next half an hour. It’s also clear that McKenna is performing badly so far.

12/08/2017 16:32

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Primoria declared its results a few minutes ago and, interestingly, they came out exactly the same as Myway:

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 1
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 1
Prince Jake (LIB): 2

The current tally is LIB 8, MOD 4, LAB 3. With 15 votes counted, we’re now around half-way through, and Prince Jake has a convincing lead. However, we’re expecting to see strong numbers for Emperor Mother Jayne once the non-territorial votes are counted at midnight which could see her draw level. Yet to declare are Watertopia, Alluria and Midgard, and we’re hoping to have some of those out within the next few hours. For now, however, things will probably start to slow down after the initial rush of declarations over the past four hours.

12/08/2017 21:57

With two hours left until polls close, things have become very quiet. From our understanding, turnout could be low in the subdivisions which have not yet declared. This is particularly bad news for Emperor Mother Jayne as these regions have historically supported her; Watertopia is a Moderate heartland, and Midgard is populated by a resident of the former colony of Borealia, which also turned out for the Emperor Mother in 2015. Unless there is a major shift in the final two hours, it is increasingly starting to look like we could have an unlikely winner in the form of Prince Jake.

12/08/2017 23:05

Watertopia has just declared as follows:

Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher (MOD): 1
Sir Paul McKenna (LAB): 0
Prince Jake (LIB): 1

This extra vote for the Moderates keeps them in the game as the non-territorial declaration looms ever closer with less than an hour to go, but the gap between them and the Liberal candidate is simply not closing. The Moderates will need a very good set of closing results to beat the Liberals at this point. Another big story is the huge collapse in Labour’s vote share; they’re still trailing behind on just 3 votes, without many prospects for winning more. At this point, it is almost impossible for McKenna to win, and we can confidently say that Adammia will soon have a different Prime Minister. The results at the time of writing:

National Election 2017 Pre-election Analysis

Adam I, Editor

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – In mere hours, the people of the Empire will be going to the polls. In this piece, we will be analysing the strengths and weaknesses of each candidate, the quality of their party’s manifesto, and their performance in the interviews we published a short while ago. Bearing all this in mind, combined with historical election data from 2013-2016 and our personal knowledge of the residents of each of Adammia’s territorial subdivisions, we will be predicting how each province, colony and territory will vote tomorrow, and who stands the best chance of winning. Will Labour’s Sir Paul McKenna hang on to power for a second term? Will Moderate candidate Emperor Mother Jayne make a triumphant return to the premiership? Or will the Liberal Party’s Prince Jake – the first ever candidate for Adammia’s oldest political party – cause an upset?

Over the past two years since their formation, the Labour Party of Adammia have continued to surprise punters. Last August, they managed to get one of their own into the office of Prime Minister for the first time in history. Sir Paul McKenna’s term has mainly been notable for being possibly the most uneventful in Adammic history, and there haven’t been too many events – positive or negative – to impact McKenna’s reputation. Therefore, it is the election campaign itself which will determine his chances.

The big news of this election is that, for the first time ever, a third candidate is standing – the Liberal Party have finally been able to field an eligible candidate after Prince Jake reached the minimum age requirement of 12 years. This will undoubtedly split the votes of the big two parties of the past two years, but the big question is who will be affected most? As we will shortly discuss, it is Labour’s McKenna who is most at risk of losing votes to the Liberals, potentially handing a victory to the Moderates. As a result, the onus is on him to keep the premiership in Labour’s hands.

For the most part, McKenna is a practical, sensible politician. However, this year, his campaign has become more bold and has stepped up the rhetoric. A line in the Labour manifesto about schools first raised eyebrows – Adammia does not have a school system, but McKenna described the policy as “ideological”. His recent interview with the Adammic Express gave a much clearer indication that McKenna may be trying to avoid the caricature of the “boring” candidate by being deliberately controversial. Many of his statements in the first half of his interview were clear references to US President Donald Trump. It seems reasonable to assume that these comments were supposed to mock Trump rather than be taken seriously, but we will let the reader decide whether that is truly the case. Overall, McKenna has presented himself with competence and he has a decent support base of traditional Labour voters, but his party’s manifesto is the shortest out of the three, and his interview’s less-than-serious tone could easily backfire. Following the less-than-serious answers in the first half of his interview, his later answers portrayed him as a pragmatic, centrist candidate. However, this means he will be fighting for political ground with the similarly centrist Moderates and even the “radical centrist” Liberals – will he have done enough to distingish himself from them?

Then we come to the Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher. Elected Prime Minister in 2013, 2014 and 2015, she is by far the most experienced candidate on offer. The Moderate Party support base has been reduced over the years, but it remains consistently able to deliver victory to the party’s candidates, and it stands to reason that it could be more resilient than the Labour support base following the introduction of a Liberal candidate. As a result, the Emperor Mother goes into 2017 in a strong position. Her manifesto was targeted at her traditional supporters particularly in the provinces, promoting family values, although she did not have much to offer for other sections of the electorate in the territories and elsewhere. The manifesto, whilst not as ambitious as the Liberal Party’s, carefully outlined a number of proposals and, perhaps critically, described why those policies would be beneficial for the Empire. In a similar vein, her election interview came across as thoughtful and confident, something that the other two candidates seemed to be sorely lacking. The Moderates have stuck to their guns and maintained the stance that their name suggests, and although this many not be particularly inspiring, it is a tried and tested approach which has worked in the past.

Finally, we should discuss the candidate who is perhaps the underdog in this election, Prince Jake. As the first ever Liberal Party candidate in a National Election, his chances of success are quite hard to predict. Although he has youth on his side and could be seen as a fresh face, it’s also hard to deny his relative lack of experience compared to the other two candidates: the incumbent Prime Minister and a former Prime Minister. Prince Jake has been Minister of Defence in McKenna’s Cabinet for the past year as part of the grand coalition. The Liberal Party manifesto, written by Emperor Adam I, is full of radical proposals such as massively reducing the size of the Cabinet by merging government departments together, hosting an intermicronational summit in either London or Birmingham, and creating one or more universities to teach skills relevant to Adammia. Whilst there is no doubt that there will be sections of the electorate who will be excited by this vision for the Empire which is quite different from the more traditional Labour and Moderate manifestos, as Prince Jake’s recent interview has shown, the Liberal candidate himself could present problems. There were two parts of his interview which really stuck out to us. The first was his answer on hypothetically legalising cannabis – a straight no. Both McKenna and the Emperor Mother said they would be open to allowing medicinal use of cannabis – does this mean that they are more liberal than the Liberal candidate? Or is it this more likely answer – that Prince Jake’s youth and comparatively low level of education mean that he is simply less informed about political issues? It’s worth noting that Prince Jake does not seem to be at odds with the Liberal manifesto – he voted for it at the Liberal Party conference last month, and in his interview he stressed his close ties with the Emperor, the party’s president and the author of the manifesto. However, far more worrying was his answer to the final question, in which he stated that “I don’t understand a lot of this,” seemingly referring to Adammic politics in general. This line is particularly embarrassing for the Liberal campaign team, who will now no doubt be regretting not giving Prince Jake more media training. The pre-election interview has left Prince Jake’s lack of experience glaringly obvious. However, backed by a radical manifesto, and with the possibility of significant sections of the electorate looking for an alternative from the old Moderate-Labour dichotomy, he shouldn’t be written off just yet.

Now we will go through each territorial subdivision and analyse how they might vote tomorrow.

Primoria: This is one of the few areas where the Liberals have a good chance. This is Prince Jake’s home province, and half of the province’s residents are Liberal Party members. He should be able to pick up at least two votes here, and if he has a particularly good day he could even pick up all four, as McKenna did last year. The other two parties may be able to get out one or two votes between them.

Maternia: The home province of both the Moderate and Labour candidates, we think that they will both get one vote each here.

Tytannia: The capital province’s sole resident is a Labour member, so this should be an easy single vote for them.

Watertopia: If this province is also divided along party membership lines, expect one Moderate and one Liberal vote.

Myway: Half of Myway’s residents are Liberal members, so they should get a good showing here and pick up a couple of votes. By the same standard, Labour should pick up another vote, and the fourth vote is up in the air, although the Moderates stand a good chance of getting it.

Alluria: As one of the new subdivisions which has joined the Empire in the past year, Alluria is hard to predict. What we do know is that Alluria’s residents are university students, and their support for Jeremy Corbyn’s UK Labour Party could translate across to Adammia, possibly giving Labour a couple of votes here. The Liberals are also in a good position to gain one or two, and the Moderates may pick up one if they’re lucky, although we don’t expect that this will really be their territory.

Dearneland: Dearneland is also hard to predict – it voted Moderate last year but voted Liberal in the Delegate of the Colonies by-election. We’re going to hesitantly say Moderate for now.

El Grandens, Kappania and Midgard: We have grouped these three territories together as they all fall under the banner of the Adammic National Party voting bloc. Without a candidate of their own, the ANP will likely collectively back one of the other candidates, and we think the Moderates are their most likely choice. Expect at least two Moderate votes from these territories, if not all three. The Liberals, the ANP’s old enemies, are likely to do poorly here.

Pererria: As another one of the new territories, Pererria is also hard to predict. What we do know is that Pererria’s sole voter is a member of the UK Liberal Democrats, so this could translate across to the Liberals – although this is speculative guesswork at best.

Non-territorial citizens: This includes the Ordo Vladius and the residents of former territories who have maintained their citizenship. We’re expecting around six or seven votes to come in here, and we think the Moderates could do pretty well, gaining three or four of them, with the Liberals and Labour left to fight over the rest.

Now for our final prediction. We think that Emperor Mother Jayne stands the best chance of winning the election, with the other two candidates fighting for a close second. In reality, this election is too close to call yet. With a sample size so small – less than 30 citizens are eligible to vote – surprises can easily happen. Don’t forget last year, when early on it seemed as if the Moderates were doing really well, until Labour won all four votes in Primoria and drew even; they went on to win that election. However, all that aside, our final predictions are as follows, within around +/- 4 votes:
MOD 12
LIB 10

In 24 hours time, we will know how close our predictions have been, and we will either know for certain or have a pretty good idea of who the next Prime Minister of the Empire of Adammia will be. Remember – get out and vote tomorrow!

National Election 2017 – Candidate Interviews

It’s the eve of polling day and here are our interviews with the three candidates standing to be Prime Minister in this year’s National Election. The first three questions are fairly generic. Our fourth question aimed to place the candidates on the liberal / authoritarian axis, whereas the fifth question aimed to do the same for the capitalist / socialist axis.

Interview with His Grace Sir Paul McKenna PM COA, Duke of Maternia (LABOUR)

What sets you apart from the other two candidates?
I am the best Prime Minister in Adammia’s history. Anyone who says otherwise is a purveyor of fake news.

What will be your number one priority if you win the election?
To wage hellfire and destruction on North Korea (just prior to slashing the defence budget to zero).

What are your thoughts on the state of Adammia over the past year?
The change of Prime Minister is the undoubted highlight!

Hypothetically, would you support making cannabis legal or not? Why?
No I don’t think so but would support it’s medical use.

Do you think individual people and companies should drive the economy, or should it be run by the government? Or somewhere in between?
Somewhere in between. Companies supported by government policies .

Any final thoughts?
Vote for the incumbent!

Interview with Her Imperial Highness Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher COA, Councilor for Maternia (MODERATE)

What sets you apart from the other two candidates?
I think I should be elected as I tend to take on leader role among family citizens. I am a good decision maker and in being a Moderate, I am considerate, liberal and diverse.

What will be your number one priority if you win the election?
My main priority, should I win the election would be to focus on health and leisure. I will organise walks in the countryside for citizens. I will also ensure that provision for barbecues is readily available to allow for spontaneous events.

What are your thoughts on the state of Adammia over the past year?
Adammia has functioned while the Emperor has been at university. However, this has posed logistical problems as in relation to meetings and frequency. I don’t think the newsletters have been monthly.

Hypothetically, would you support making cannabis legal or not? Why?
I would support legalised cannabis for medical conditions. It eases symptoms for several illnesses and improves quality of life. Such people should not be criminalised for being in possession. It would be interesting to look at countries like Amsterdam and see whether this seems to lead onto further drug use. Cannabis use can lead to paranoia in those susceptible to mental illness. By the same token, alcohol probably causes more problems to self and society at large.

Do you think individual people and companies should drive the economy, or should it be run by the government? Or somewhere in between?
I think individuals and companies do drive the economy but I don’t think they should control / govern it as personal gain and corruption could come into play. That said, a government could be involved in underhand practices which could never be made public knowledge.

Interview with His Imperial Highness Prince Jake, Duke of Primoria (LIBERAL)

What sets you apart from the other two candidates?
I spent more time around the Emperor, which makes things more convenient.

What will be your number one priority if you win the election?
To be helpful.

What are your thoughts on the state of Adammia over the past year?
Slightly less eventful than the other 4 years.

Hypothetically, would you support making cannabis legal or not? Why?
No, because it is highly addictive and ruins lives.

Do you think individual people and companies should drive the economy, or should it be run by the government? Or somewhere in between?
Government, because they have more authority and more people can decide on something.

Any final thoughts?
I don’t understand a lot of this.

Our final pre-election analysis, including analysis of the interviews, will be published shortly. Stay tuned tomorrow as we carry out our live feed of election results from across the Empire.

Moderate 2017 Manifesto Published

Adam I, Editor

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – The Moderate Party released its manifesto for the imminent National Election on Sunday evening. Written by the party’s leader Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher, its policies are as follows:

-We think Contributions should remain the same. Individuals are generally willing to contribute from personal finances for events. We think the financial situation should have a minimum amount (e.g. £20).

-We think we should make Christmas donations to cancer charities on a yearly basis.

-Defence spending should be kept to a minimum. Historically, we are unlikely to come under threat.

-On the economy: Wine making brings a constant income. We don’t think having our own currency is viable due to the amount of people being involved and due to key members being family.

-Emperor’s Quizzes could be themed (in part at least). This would allow participants to read up on historical events, leaders in the arts/sciences/sports etc.

-We think walks in the countryside should continue. An extra car seat is available (and an additional four if Paul goes); the more the merrier.

-We also think a batch of disposable barbecues should be purchased from the funds as they are not always readily available on sunny days. This would allow spontaneity in family gatherings.

Adammic Express analysis: The first thing to take away from this manifesto is that it is clearly targeted at the residents of the provinces. Citizens living in the territories or abroad are unlikely to find much for them in here. This has been the running theme for the Moderates since they published their first manifesto two years ago, which had a similar family-oriented tone.

Out of all three parties, the Moderates have put the most effort into justifying their policies. However, their manifesto also contains many things that they will not do, or things that they will keep the same. This seems redundant at times, although it does help to reflect their nature as the “moderate” political option.

The fact that both the Moderates and the Liberals support keeping the Contributions scheme as it is means that it is unlikely there will be any major financial changes going forward. It should be noted that the manifestos aren’t just for the National Election – they will also influence each party’s legislative agenda for the coming term. Areas of agreement between any two parties are likely to find their way into law. For example, both the Moderates and Labour want to keep defence spending to a minimum, so don’t keep your hopes up for a large defence budget in October.

The Moderates support a “minimum amount” for the Treasury balance, with £20 suggested. This means that funds will always be available for emergencies, and it is a good way of ensuring a degree of liquidity in the government’s assets. A similar concept already exists in law via the Emergency Situations Act 2014, but was poorly defined. However, the Treasury balance has not dropped below £20 for several years, so this proposal might not come into effect too often.

Charitable donations made their first appearance in last year’s budget, and the Moderates seem keen to make them a regular fixture. This move is likely to go down well.

The Moderates also have some proposed changes to the Emperor’s Fabulous Quiz. Could this lead to potentially awkward stand-offs between the Cabinet and the Office of the Emperor, which “owns” the quiz? The government has always had a high degree of influence over the structure of the quiz, but it has never been mentioned in a party manifesto before.

In discussing continuing “walks in the countryside”, the Moderate manifesto refers to a number of walks throughout June and July undertaken by Emperor Mother Jayne, Madam Julie Foster, Prince Jake and Sir Reginald Hall in the foothills of the Peak District National Park in order to prepare the former two for their recent hiking holiday in the Alps. These walks did not take place in a micronational context, but the Emperor warmed to the idea of changing this, perhaps by re-branding them as military scouting expeditions. The subsequent idea of acquiring a stockpile of disposable barbecues is in a similar vein. Barbecues in Imperial Square have long been a part of Adammic culture, but so far they haven’t had any government involvement. It seems like one of the main goals of the Moderates is to use government resources to support these areas of Adammic culture.

As the race enters its final days, it remains difficult to judge where each candidate stands – especially since the introduction of a Liberal candidate for the first time throws the past four years of historical election data out of the window. We still don’t know for sure exactly how well Prince Jake will do, and which of the other two candidates will find their vote share the most split as a result. However, the Liberals have more members than the Moderates or Labour, and their success in the Delegate of the Colonies by-election last year suggests that they have a degree of support further from home. We predict that the Liberals will pick up votes from the large population centres of Primoria and Myway, going up against support that the Emperor Mother has traditionally recieved from the other provinces. The ANP may choose to endorse a candidate which could also have a big impact. In particular, we think that incumbent PM Sir Paul McKenna might be in trouble. His victory last year came off the back of an unexpectedly strong showing for him in Primoria, but this was last year, when there was no Liberal candidate, and currently half of Primoria’s population are members of the Liberal Party. Even a fairly small swing from Labour to the Liberals will make it extremely difficult for him to win again.

We aim to publish our traditional pre-election interviews on Friday evening. This will be the last chance for the three candidates to get their message across to the electorate. This will also be when we publish our final pre-election analysis, with our predictions of who will do well in each area of the Empire.

Labour Unveils 2017 Manifesto

Adam I, Editor

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Yesterday evening, the Labour Party unveiled its second manifesto. Last year, a bare bones manifesto was launched which contained only two policies. This year, the party nominated Sir Paul McKenna to be in charge of policy drafting, and he sent the following manifesto to us:

-Suspend all individual contributions until such time as the budget requires boosting.

-Double the price of wine from 5p to 10p

-End the practice of free wine being drunk in Tytannia. All wine to be at the above price.

-Shut down all Adammic public schools and put the money saved into the Adammic state school system.

-Update the photos of Maternia on Microwiki

-Scrap the defence budget and leave it to the UK government. Savings can go towards a Labour Day celebration which would be a compliment to Foundation Day sometime in summer.

Some analysis and comparison with the Liberal manifesto: contrary to their party’s name, Labour have clearly adopted a more fiscally conservative stance than the Liberals. Their first pledge, perhaps their most eye-catching, is to suspend contributions until extra funds are needed. This suggests a more ad-hoc, case-by-case, asset-based budgeting strategy, as opposed to the Liberals who operate on a traditional income-based strategy. This goes hand-in-hand with the fact that Labour have a much lower list of spending proposals. Over the years, cultural events such as Foundation Day have often been the main focus of Labour and Moderate public spending plans, as opposed to the more imperialist Liberals who also like to include defence spending and funding for the space programme. The much larger budgets endorsed by the Liberals explains their preference for a constant source of income.

Next we come to the pledge to increase the cost of wine. This is presumably a minimum alcohol pricing policy, similar to the one due to be used in Scotland, aimed at Capital Brewery. Capital, despite its ailing profits in recent quarters, has been reluctant to step up its recommended “price” (in order to avoid UK licencing laws, wine is technically given away for free, and all payments are in fact optional donations). Compared to UK prices – usually around £8-£10 per bottle – Capital’s price of 5p per bottle is clearly undervalued, and it seems reasonable to expect that a price hike would not affect sales as they would still be massively undercutting the British market. Therefore, this could give a boost to Capital’s balance sheet, a boost to the GDP, and a small boost in tax revenue – however, it would nowhere near offset the drop in income from regular temporary suspensions of the Contributions Scheme.

The policy regarding schools funding puzzled us, as Adammia does not have a schools system. We asked McKenna for a comment, and he said, “That was just a bit of ideological rhetoric. Always good for a manifesto however meaningless!” It seems that this point was supposed to be something of an ideological marker rather than a concrete policy.

The policy of updating photos of Maternia (MicroWiki is mentioned, but it can be assumed that other sources such as the national website would be included) is probably the most low-key part of the manifesto. The fact that both the residents of Maternia are National Election candidates suggests that this is not a localist electioneering strategy, as there would be no extra votes to be won there – the policy seems to be quite innocent in this regard.

The final part about redirecting the defence budget into cultural celebrations fits in with the prevailing theme in both Labour and Moderate manifestos over the past few years which we already discussed.

The Moderate Party is expected to publish its manifesto soon. With polling day now only six days away, we will soon be carrying out candidate interviews. We also intend to carry out pre-election analysis of each candidate’s chances, the usual live polling day coverage as the results come in, and some post-election results analysis.

New Flag Imported From Lostisland

Adam I, Editor

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Yesterday morning, a new Adammic flag was delivered to Adamsville. Funded by the October 2016 budget, the new flag was produced by MicroFlag and imported from the Federal Republic of Lostisland. It is professionally printed and measures 105 x 70 cm.

DGFHP2GXkAEcSzy.jpg large

The new flag in the Office of the Emperor.

The Cabinet Office took possession of the new flag as a general government asset. It will replace the original fabric Adammic flag, which is due to be retired. The first flag was hand-sewn by the Emperor in 2013, but has since entered poor condition after years of degradation. The replacement is expected to be much more durable.

The flag will likely be formally unveiled by the government at White Gold Palace this coming weekend.

Adammia FM August 2017 music playlist

Sir Paul McKenna To Seek Re-Election

Adam I, Editor

ADAMSVILLE, Primoria – Earlier today, the Labour and Moderate parties both confirmed their respective candidates for the upcoming National Election. Labour has nominated incumbent Prime Minister Sir Paul McKenna, who will seek re-election to a second term of office. The Moderates nominated their president and three-times former Prime Minister Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher, who will be aiming to regain the premiership after losing it to McKenna last year. Both candidates will also have to contend with a third party for the first time, after the Liberals joined the race two weeks ago when they nominated their new leader, Prince Jake.

At this stage in the race, it is difficult to say who has the upper hand. Emperor Mother Jayne is a trusted face who was popular during her time as Prime Minister, whilst McKenna has the backing of respected elder statesman Sir Reginald Hall. Prince Jake, however, is a fresh face, supported by a detailed manifesto prepared by his party’s president, Emperor Adam I, but he could be seen as too young and inexperienced. Labour and the Moderates are both expected to have manifestos published within a week; their previous manifestos were particularly vague, but the Emperor has been challenging the rival parties to create improved manifestos with more concrete policies, and has been providing impartial support to all parties in this regard.

Once the manifestos have been published, the Adammic Express will conduct its traditional pre-election interviews with all three candidates, to be released several days before polling day. The Office of State will also soon be sending instructions to returning officers situated around the Empire.

Emperor Adam I: Achieving Success in Micronational Economics

Note from the Editor: The following is an opinion piece which may not necessarily reflect the views of the Adammic Express.

Yesterday, I set up the Empire of Adammia’s first ever private investment fund, adding finance to the list of sectors which the Adammic economy now covers. It joins the media, software development, and wine-making industries in what I described, in my last opinion piece, as “the most successful economy in the MicroWiki community”. This seems like a bold claim, does it not? Last year, we reported a GDP of £118.95. Here’s how the numbers break down: Citizens contributed £56 through the Contributions Scheme, in which each of our 10 over-18 full citizens pays 50p per month to the Treasury. Wine made by my grandfather generated £17.18, a small coding job I did got me £24.57, and adverts on videos on my YouTube channel made £18.62. Physical copies of the Adammic Express made £2.10. My modesty has made me hesitant to make the claim of having created the most successful economy on MicroWiki, but try as I might, I have not been able to find an economy on the Wiki which compares to ours. Leylandiistan might have been a competitor had they stuck around long enough to develop further. Some economies, such as those of Juclandia, reportedly have a much higher GDP extending into the thousands or tens of thousands of pounds, but they don’t go into much detail about how they actually make that money, which has led me to believe that many such countries are counting macronational sources of income in their figures, which is a little misleading.

I would argue that any economic activity only counts as micronational economic activity if it could, in theory, be taxed by your government at a reasonable rate, and if it actually takes place on your territory. Otherwise it’s not really part of your economy at all, and is instead part of the macronational economy. I suppose a better claim would be that Adammia has the most successful verified economy on MicroWiki. We have verified our economy through the use of comprehensive, transparent accounting systems. All of our companies submit quarterly reports to the Imperial Companies Agency, giving us a full breakdown of the economy so that we can see exactly where the money is coming from.

I have noted the increase in interest, over the past year or two, in micronational economics with projects such as the SJEP and the MEG. Recently, the new “Glastieven Model” of economics correctly identified the faults in many of these earlier projects. Their focus was on finance, banks and stock markets, institutions which were useless without any proper businesses to invest in. The few businesses which did exist were extremely niche and offered no practical rate of return. As a result, these systems soon fell into inactivity. The Glastieven Model correctly pointed out that micronational economics is not the same as micronational politics, micronational diplomacy or micronational law. While those can exist as ends to themselves, micronational economics requires more incentives to get the ball rolling. This is because macronations offer much more lucrative opportunities to make money than micronations. People need to buy day-to-day goods such as food, and micronations usually offer nowhere near that level of income, so why would anybody bother if they could just get a macronational job instead, which actually pays the bills?

Whilst the Glastieven Model was initially on the right track, its aversion to working with the macronational economy let it down. It opted to artificially create supply and demand through the use of its own currency, something which I see as the wrong approach. I don’t see anything wrong with integrating your economy with the macronational economy. Surely all macronational economies are integrated into the global economy? Look at it this way: the very nature of micronations means that trade with the surrounding macronation is absolutely vital. Our populations are too small to provide a sustainable number of customers, and we don’t have the raw resources and the labour force necessary to build everything from scratch. Our approach is as follows:

Identify the resources you have available. For example, in Adammia, we have a pear tree, a plum tree, wine-making equipment, and computers which can be used for programming. What skills do your citizens have? In Adammia, I can code, and my grandfather can make wine. Then, offer incentives for people to set up companies which use these various resources. Wine production was already taking place here before Adammia was founded, so it wasn’t difficult to have the operation transformed into a micronational business. You shouldn’t count anything that cannot reasonably be taxed. You may not choose to impose taxes, but in my view, one of the main purposes of creating a micronational economy is to provide your government with extra income. It’s a more fun way of raising funds for your micronation without going after people’s macronational earnings, which is likely to fall flat on its face as people need those earnings for day-to-day living. You can impose a flat rate on citizens in such a manner, but it has to be at an extremely low level to avoid upsetting people – this is why the Adammic Contributions Scheme is only at 50p per month. The addition of tax revenue from our economy gave a significant boost to government income on top of the Contributions Scheme. When it comes to identifying potential sectors which could be capitalised on, it’s often good to investigate people’s hobbies. As I’ve said, most citizens won’t want to have their macronational job taxed. If they work from home, or own a farm, or something like that, then the economic activity is indeed taking place on your territory, but if all the income is coming from outside, and is all needed to spent on goods from outside, it can’t really be considered part of your economy. However, some people may have hobbies which involve making something; before Adammia came along, my main hobby was making YouTube videos, and my grandfather had been making wine for years. The government should be offering these potential CEOs a deal: we will help you monetise what you make, we will use our national infrastructure to connect you with potential customers, and we will do all the accounting for you. In return, we take X% of the profits as taxes, and you get to keep the rest. Citizens now have a way of making a little bit of money on the side doing something they enjoy, with support from your government. If you already have some money sitting in the Treasury, you could also provide your new companies with some extra start-up equity, giving your government a cut of the dividends on top of the tax revenue.

From then on, it’s pretty straightforward. The government will probably have to actively encourage the economy to get started at first, but hopefully your new companies will get settled into a routine. Of course, always be aware of macronational law – this is why Adammia can’t export its wine. It will often be necessary to sell products at a fraction of their market value in order to encourage customers. It’s highly likely that the value of your GDP will be much lower than the macronational market value of all your goods and services, but there’s not much which can be done about that. At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter too much, because this is only supplementary income derived from hobbies, rather than a full-time job. The government should always be looking to support the nation’s businesses. This may involve setting up the necessary infrastructure to trade with other micronations or macronational customers (I’ve always been sceptical of trade between micronations because the shipping costs tend to outweigh the value of the goods, rendering the transaction at best extremely inefficient, and at worst counter-productive, but PayPal is your friend here, and as long as you are offering a unique product, they will probably be willing to pay the shipping fees – this business model has worked well for the Lostislandic firm MicroFlag). If you are lucky enough to attract tourists to your nation, they can be an excellent way to make a bit of money for your companies.

A lot of the time, economic activity may be very slow – it’s not uncommon for companies in Adammia to return quarterly reports in which there are 0 sales. However, provided the government continues to provide encouragement, revenues will eventually add up, which is how Adammia gets its annual GDP figure hovering around the £120 mark. Throughout all this, we have deliberately avoided creating a currency. In our view, a currency which would have to be converted into GBP would only slow us down. It would make our companies less attractive to potential customers who would have to make the conversion, and it would make it more difficult for the companies to reinvest their earnings, because if no company exists in the nation to provide what they need (presumably, for example, your nation does not have a factory in it), they will have to import what they need from outside. We have also avoided the use of banks or stock markets. A micronational economy will likely only ever have a handful of companies at best, and maybe only one or two investors – a stock market simply cannot function under these conditions. Maybe if more countries followed our model, there would be enough companies and investors in the community to warrant an intermicronational stock exchange as has been attempted in the past. One of the main reasons why past stock exchanges failed was because the companies listed on them had no real value – they were too niche, and made earnings using currencies which could not be converted into macronational currencies. I cannot state how important it is that any micronational currency must be easily convertible into macronational currencies, because like it or not, we are reliant on the macronational economy if we want our companies to grow (which, of course is the point of a stock exchange – no point investing if you can’t expect a return on your investment). But fiscal policy is a debate for another day, and it’s not a debate I’m particularly interested in, because ultimately it isn’t what determines your nation’s wealth. If you want a micronational economy to work, it’s not finance and currency you should be focusing on – it’s industry and productivity.